English Hindi Nepali
banner tour nations nepal

Country Information

1. General Information

Country's Name: Republic of Nepal
Capital City: Kathmandu (pop 2.8  million)
Government: Democratic state
Head of State: President Bidya Devi Bhandari
Area: 147,181 sq km 
Population: 26,494,504 
People: Nepal has a population of around 28 million people made of 101 ethnic groups speaking over 92 languages from all regions with diverse culture and religion. The prominent ethnic groups are Brahmin, Chhetri, Newar, Sherpa, Gurung, Magar, Rai, Tamang, Tharu, Satar, Yadav etc which have their own ethnic language, culture, religion, festival etc. according to their ethnical background.
Language: Nepali
Religion: Hinduism and Buddhism are the principal religion but there are also Muslim and Christian minorities
Weather: Nepal has four climatic seasons (a) Spring: March-May, (b) Summer: June-August (c) Autumn: September-November and (d) Winter: December-February.
Currency: Nepali Rupees

2. Geography

Nepal, a sovereign independent country is situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west. While the total land area is 147,181 sq. km in a rough rectangular shape. The valleys and forests with rare birds, animals and vegetations which have contributed to diverse climatic condition. The country can be divided into three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region. The highest point in the country is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) while the lowest point is in the Terai plains of Kechana Kalan in Jhapa (60 m).

3. Foods and Drinks

Nepal offers large variety of cuisines as it is multi ethnic and multi cultural country. Every ethnic group has its own typical food to enjoy. The variety ranges up to eighty four items. The local people also prepare typical liquor which is brewed at home. This liquor is also used as offering to god during religious rites.

4. Shopping

Souvenirs to look out for in Nepal include Woolen Carpet, Pashmina, Woodcarvings, Stone Carvings, Handicrafts,  Silver and Golden Jewelry, Thangka paintings, Tea, Garments etc.

5. Dos and Don’ts

Dos

  • Bargain before using the services at the streets or in the shops/restaurants without prices clearly indicated.argain before using the services at the streets or in the shops/restaurants without prices clearly indicated.
  • Dress appropriately.
  • Leave your valuable things such as cash, airline tickets, passports with the hotels safety deposit facility.
  • Remove your shoes before entering someone’s house.
  • Ask permission from before taking a photograph.
  • Dress tidy and neatly when you enter the church, temple and spiritual place.
  • Buy only bottled water and make sure the bottle is sealed.
  • Make sure there is a safe to put your property as passport, cash when you book a hotel room.
  • Ask for the price before you get in the cab, bus because Nepalese like to ask the expensive price once you decide to get in without knowing it.
  • Always keep all of your receipts.

Don’ts

  • Avoid venturing into unfamiliar areas at night.  
  • Try and take photographs of military installations or anything to do with the military.
  • Don’t wear valuable Jewelry and don’t show off your expensive iPod/phone/clothes. Petty crimes happen here.
  • Never wear your bag on your back, always keep it in front of you zipped or locked properly.
  • Don’t rush people. They do not prefer it.
  • No hugging, touching & kissing in Public Area.

6. Language

Nepali is the single official language in Nepal.  Besides Nepali, there are many other languages for other ethnic groups.

7. Festivals and Events

Nepal enjoys numerous festivals. Most of these festivals are linked with religions and are widely celebrated all over the country. Dashain, Deepawali, Rato Macchendranath Jatra, Indra Jatra , Buddha Jayanti, Chhath, , Lhosar, Janai Purnima, Gaijatra, Krishna Janmastami, Teej, Maha Shiva Ratri, Fagun Purnima (Holi), Ghode Jatra etc.

8. Popular Destinations

  • Kathmandu Valley

    There are 7 prominent touristic places in Kathmandu Valley, which are listed as World Heritage Sites in UNESCO. They are Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Baudhanath Stupa and Swoyambhunath Stupa. Besides these World Heritage Sites, Kathmandu Valley offers charming landscape with several Hill Stations like Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, Budanilkantha, Kirtipur etc.There are 7 prominent touristic places in Kathmandu Valley, which are listed as World Heritage Sites in UNESCO. They are Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Changunarayan Temple, Pashupatinath Temple, Baudhanath Stupa and Swoyambhunath Stupa. Besides these World Heritage Sites, Kathmandu Valley offers charming landscape with several Hill Stations like Nagarkot, Dhulikhel, Budanilkantha, Kirtipur etc.The valley today incorporates three major settlements, all have their own distinctive character with outstanding temples, works of art and architecture and a varied calendar of feasts and festivals, their roots in being capital cities of the valleys three principality's in times gone by. Between them they boast the highest density of World Heritage Sites to be found anywhere in the World, seven in total. There are many other fascinating settlements in the valley offering their own reasons for being there.

  • Pokhara Valley

    Pokhara valley occupies the central location in Nepal and is dominated by the peaks of Annapurna range and lakes. Its unique setting may be judged from the fact that the town of Pokhara (913 m), is only fifty km from Annapurna I (8091 m), clearly seen from the valley. There is a decline of six thousand meters in altitude within a short distance of only twenty –nine km; thus the region provides a dramatic contrast in landscape. The northern horizon is defined by a west are Annapurna south, (7219 m), Fang (7647 m), Annapurna I (8091 m), Rock Noir (7454 m), Glacier Dome (7193 m), Gangapurna (74555 m), Annapurna III (7555 m), Machhapuchhre (6997 m), Annapurna IV (7525 m), Annapurna II (7937 m) and Lamjung Himal (6983 m). In addition to these, Dhaulagiri I to the north- west and Manaslu - Himalchuli peaks to the north- east are also visible.Pokhara valley occupies the central location in Nepal and is dominated by the peaks of Annapurna range and lakes. Its unique setting may be judged from the fact that the town of Pokhara (913 m), is only fifty km from Annapurna I (8091 m), clearly seen from the valley. There is a decline of six thousand meters in altitude within a short distance of only twenty –nine km; thus the region provides a dramatic contrast in landscape. The northern horizon is defined by a west are Annapurna south, (7219 m), Fang (7647 m), Annapurna I (8091 m), Rock Noir (7454 m), Glacier Dome (7193 m), Gangapurna (74555 m), Annapurna III (7555 m), Machhapuchhre (6997 m), Annapurna IV (7525 m), Annapurna II (7937 m) and Lamjung Himal (6983 m). In addition to these, Dhaulagiri I to the north- west and Manaslu - Himalchuli peaks to the north- east are also visible.Pokhara is the starting point of short hiking and trekking to many hilly destinations in Annapurna region. Besides trekking, Pokhara is a major destination for adventure sports like paragliding, bungee jumping, jeep flyer, ultra light flight etc.

  • Royal Nepal National Park, Chitwan

    Officially gazetted in 1973, this was the first area in Nepal to be declared a National Park. Situated in the Rapti valley in the subtropical low lands of the Terai, it covers an area an area of 932 square kilometers. The rugged Churia hills, Sal forests, grasslands and river in forests, including swamps sand lakes made by changing river courses, provide excellent habitants for an unusually rich variety of large mammals. It is one of the last strongholds of tigers and is the only place in Nepal where the great one-horned rhinoceros are found.  About 43 species of animals including the endangered one-horned rhino, Royal Bengal tiger, Gharial crocodile, four-horned Antelope, striped Hyena and the gigantic Dolphin are found in the park area. About three hundred varieties of birds including waterfowl, both migratory and residential, can also be seen.

  • Lumbini

    In the plain southwest of the first foothill of the Churia range, lies Lumbini, birthplace of the Lord Buddha, the apostle of peace and non-violence. Lumbini is a scared place for Buddhist for all over the world, standing on an equal footing with holy places scared to other world religions and is one of the eight World Heritage Sites listed in UNESCO. The main attractions are spread all over the eight square kilometer sacred garden possessing all historic treasures i.e. the broken Ashoka Pillar, remnants of an old monastery, Mayadevi Temple, sacred pond, holy stone etc.

  • Bardia National Park, Bardia

    Bardia national park is a place of pristine forest and wildlife out of the tourist track. The inhabitants of the Nepalese jungle: The royal Bengal tiger, the Asiatic Elephant, the one-horned rhinoceros, among others (deers, crocodiles, monkeys, birds…), which you may discover during jeep, elephants, floating or even walking safaris. Bardia is located 600 km west of Katmandu in the heart of the Teraï plain which is inhabited by the Tharu ethnical group. They are warm and welcoming people with a very vivid, and complex culture close to nature.

9. Popular Activities

  • Trekking

    The Nepal Himalayas has always been known as “the abode of the Gods”. Many of the primordial history, religion, culture and tradition as well as legends and myths emanate from the awesome Himalayas. The Nepal Himalayan harbors many holy temples and shrines, monasteries and scared lakes in the wilderness and remote parts of the region.  The Himalayas is the youngest and highest mountain chain on earth. A full third of its stretches- the formidable Great Himalayan Range of 800 kilometers lies within the Nepal Himalayas. It has a convergence of 1310 magnificent peaks over 6000 meters, including 8 of the world’s highest 14 peaks of 8000 meters. The Nepal Himalayas has always been known as “the abode of the Gods”. Many of the primordial history, religion, culture and tradition as well as legends and myths emanate from the awesome Himalayas. The Nepal Himalayan harbors many holy temples and shrines, monasteries and scared lakes in the wilderness and remote parts of the region.  The Himalayas is the youngest and highest mountain chain on earth. A full third of its stretches- the formidable Great Himalayan Range of 800 kilometers lies within the Nepal Himalayas. It has a convergence of 1310 magnificent peaks over 6000 meters, including 8 of the world’s highest 14 peaks of 8000 meters. Nestling in the rain shadows of these unique vistas of soaring summits, unravels a profusion of lofty foothills, the home of the many Nepalese who delight in warm hospitality and friendship. To trek, one neither need to be a mountaineer nor an athlete. These highly developed and well defined trails have been used for centuries and are the hive of activities to come in contact with the locals. The more intrepid traveler may venture further up to scale any of the 18 minor trekking peaks.

  • Day Hikes

    The hillside of Kathmandu Valley and Pokhara Valley are ideal for day hiking. This offers excellent mountain views, rural life observation along with physical and mental workouts. Kathmandu day hiking tours are perfect for those who are looking for a taste of trekking in Nepal within a short period of time offering some experience traditional rural activities within sight of the metropolis along with the excellent mountain panoramic views. The hillside of Kathmandu Valley and Pokhara Valley are ideal for day hiking. This offers excellent mountain views, rural life observation along with physical and mental workouts. Kathmandu day hiking tours are perfect for those who are looking for a taste of trekking in Nepal within a short period of time offering some experience traditional rural activities within sight of the metropolis along with the excellent mountain panoramic views. 

  • Mountain Biking

    Mountain biking is a fantastic way to explore Nepal. This allows you to travel independently. Nepal has many trails to ride on. You can make a challenging climb thousands of meters to reach a viewpoint with fantastic views. Then you make an exhilarating descent.The Kathmandu Valley has some great places to ride. It has many trails and backloads. It is a good way to visit the interesting towns, temples and stupas. It can be really interesting to visit traditional villages, hill stations and surrounding vegetations. Biking through the rural villages at the valley rim on the back trails with some ups and downs provides you an immense physical fitness and mental peace.

  • Rafting/Kayaking/Canoeing 

    White water rafting involves negotiating fast-flowing rivers in an inflatable rubber raft or white water kayak over crashing waves and swirling rapids. Nepal has earned a reputation as one of the best destinations in the world for white water rafting. Nepal's thundering rivers, coming from glaciers high in the Himalaya, provide unmatched thrills and unrivaled scenic landscapes for rafting. Rivers are graded on a scale of one to six, with one being the calmest. Four is considered to be challenging without being excessively dangerous for the novice rafter. 

  • Bungee Jumping 

    Nepal’s first bungee jumping site is situated 160 meters over the wild Bhote Koshi River, and located close to the Nepal-Tibet border, a three-hour bus ride from Kathmandu. The jump, at 160m, was designed by one of New Zealand's leading bungee consultants, and is operated by some of the most experienced jump masters in the business. It's mishap-proof. The agency takes safety "very, very seriously".

  • Para Gliding

    Nepal forms a rectangle on the southern slopes of the Himalaya and is without exception, the most stunning country imaginable. The main area for paragliding is the Pokhara valley, commanding views of 3 of the worlds 8000 meters peaks with friendly and constant conditions for your paragliding holiday. Tandem flying involves a pilot flying with a passenger. Both have separate harnesses that are attached to each other and the wing. Paragliding harnesses are built for comfort and safety. They feel more like an armchair. Once launched, the passenger just sits back, relaxes and takes in the epic scenery.

  • Bird Watching

    Nepal’s varied elevations support more than 850 species of birds, or about 10 percent of the world’s total species. Migratory birds are seen in winters. The spiny babbler is unique to Nepal as it has yet to be spotted outside this country. More than 450 species of birds have been spotted in Chitwan National Park, while the Koshi Tappu Wetlands have been designated Asia’s finest bird watching site. The Mai Valley and Tamur Valley in east Nepal, Lumbini in central Nepal, and Dang Valley and Ghodagodhi Lake in the west are also good locations to sight exotic birds. As bird watching becomes immensely popular, specialized bird-watching tours are offered in the different national parks and wildlife reserves.

  • Mt. Everest Scenic Flight

    Mt. Everest Scenic Flight offers the best Himalayan experience. The mountain flight from Kathmandu takes one close to the highest peaks, including Mt. Everest. During the flight, one can see Gosaithan (also called Shisha Pangma), Dorje Lhakpa, Phurbi Chyachu, Choba Bhamare, Gaurishanker, Melungtse, Chugimago, Numbur, Karyolung, Cho-Oyu, Gyachungkang, Pumori, Nuptse and Everest.

  • Golf

    Nepal offers some of the finest golf courses in South Asia. They are Gokarna Forest Golf Club and Nepal Golf Club in Kathmandu, Himalayan Golf Club in Pokhara, and Nirvana Country Club in Dharan. The best time for a play is during the dry season between October and March. Golf clubs in Kathmandu and Pokhara offer excellent courses with magnificent views of the Himalayas.

10. Weather and Climate

Nepal has four climatic seasons (a) Spring: March-May, (b) Summer: June-August (c) Autumn: September-November and (d) Winter: December-February. The climate of Nepal varies from area depending upon the altitude of the place. A visit to Nepal is possible all the year round. Warm clothing is required from November till February and tropical wear from till October.

11. Nepal Visa

Nepal Visa is required for all nationals except Indians. It can be obtained from Nepalese Embassies or at any entry point upon paying USD 25.00 which is valid for 15 days for Multiple Entry. However, Nepal Visa can be obtained online now.

12. Currency

The currency of Nepal is Nepali Rupee and is non-convertible. There are notes come in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 notes. If you use USD notes, the notes must be clean , new and crispy. There are plenty of shops and restaurants accept USD notes and Visa Cards, Master Cards. The bank will take 4 % transaction fee for while making payment by credit card. There also plenty of ATMs to withdraw cash 24 hours. You can access Visa cards, Master Cards, Mestro and JCB to withdraw cash from ATMs.

WeAsia Profile

Conceived at Dhaka forum in August 2016 and formed at Yangon forum by December 2016, WeAsia is a 6-country synergy to offer the travel industry a more immersive experience in South Asia. In their own country base, all of the 6 DMCs are serving their discerning clients worldwide for last 1 or 2 decades with strong repute, acknowledged by many prestigious awards. All of the country heads are well-accredited personalities in regional tourism industry.

Read More

Nations

We use cookies to improve our website. By continuing to use this website, you are giving consent to cookies being used. More details…