1. General Information
|Country's Name||: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh|
|Geographical Location||: Latitude between 20034` and 26038` north, Longitude Between 88001` and 92041` East.|
|Area||: 1,47,570 km2|
|Boundaries||: North-India (West Bengal and Meghalaya), West- India (West Bengal) East-India (Tripura and Assam) and Myanmar, South-Bay of Bengal.|
|Capital City||: Dhaka (14.5 million -2016)|
|Other Major City||: Chittagong, Khulna, Sylhet, Rajshahi, Rangpur and Mymensingh.|
|Standard Time||: GMT +6 Hours|
|Government||: Unitary Parliamentary Republic|
|Head of State||: President Abdul Hamid|
|Population||: 163,187,000 Estimate 2017|
|People||: 98% Bengali and 2% Minorities.|
|Language||: Bangla (National Language). Spoken by 95%, other dialects 5%, English is widely understood and spoken.|
|Religion||: 86.6% Islam, 12.1% Hinduism, 0.6% Buddism, 0.4% Christianity & 0.3% Others.|
|Climate Variation||: Winter 110C-200C (October-February), Summer 210C-380C (March-September).|
|Rainfall||: 1100mm to 3400mm (June- August)|
|Principal Crops||: Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard , Potato, Vegetable etc.|
|Principal River||: Padma, Megna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Karnafuli , Teesta, Sitalakhya etc.|
|Principal Industries||: Readymade Garments, Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute, Textiles, Medicine etc.|
|Business Hours||: Government office Hours 9:00 a.m to 5:00 p.m. Friday and Saturday are the weekly holidays. Some private business houses work on Saturday.|
|Currency||: Taka ( ৳) (BDT)|
Bangladesh has an area of approximately 147,570 square kilometer in the south Asian region. The country is surrounded by India completely in the West, North, and partially in the East sharing a total of 4,053 kilometer border, while the rest 193 kilometer of the Eastern side is bordered by Myanmar. The Bay of Bengal retains its boundary in the South, where we have a 580 kilometer of coastline.
About half the total area is actively deltaic and never higher than 10m from main sea level. This flat low lying land is very fertile and is suitable for rice cultivation. The vast river delta area is home to the dominant plains culture. In the northeast and the southeast the land is more hilly and dry, and tea is grown. The hilly areas of the northeast and southeast are occupied by much smaller tribal groups.
Ganges and Brahmaputra are the two main rivers of Bangladesh, carrying tones of silts from the mighty Himalayans that eventually fertile the plain. Apart from these two rivers, we have hundreds of others comprising a very wide and complex river system.
3. Foods and Drinks
Rice is the main staple food of Bangladesh and is served with a wide range of curries. Sublime Bangladeshi dishes exhibit strong aromatic flavours; and often include eggs, potatoes, tomatoes and aubergines. A variety of spices and herbs, along with mustard oil and ghee, is used in Bangladeshi cooking. The main breads are naan, paratha, roti, bakarkhani and luchi. Dal is the second most important staple food which is served with rice/porota/luchi. Fish is a staple in Bangladeshi cuisine, especially freshwater fish, which is a distinctive feature of the country's gastronomy. Major fish dishes include (ilish), pabda (butterfish), rui (rohu), pangash (pangas catfish), chitol (clown knifefish), magur (walking catfish), bhetki (barramundi) and tilapia. Meat consumption includes beef, lamb, venison, chicken, duck, squab and koel. Vegetable dishes, either mashed (bhorta), boiled (sabji), or leaf-based (saag), are widely served. Seafood such as Lobsters and shrimps are also often prevalent.
Gourmet pulao is served during feasts and festivals. Different types of Bengali biryani and pulao include Kachi (mutton), Tehari (beef), Ilish and Murg (chicken). Different types of kababs include shikh, reshmi, shashlik, tikka and shami. The country is home to a huge spread of Bengali desserts and confectioneries, ranging from pan-fried or steamed rice cakes (pitha) to halwa and sweets made from fruits and sweetened cheese. Tea is widely consumed as the national beverage and offered to guests as a gesture of welcome. Popular snacks include samosas, pakoras, jhalmuri (puffed rice mixed with various spices), pitha(rice cakes),rolls etc.. The phuchka and "chotpoti" are major street foods. Bangladesh is also the world's fifth-largest producer of tropical fruits.
While muslin of ancient Dhaka has gone into history, other products such as contemporary paintings, wood works, shital pati (mats that feel cool), bamboo decoration pieces, cane and conch shell products, gold and silver ornament, cotton, silk, gold, silver, jute, reed, brass ware, traditional dolls and leather goods also receive deep appreciation of the lovers of arts and crafts now and over the past centuries. In addition, Bangladesh is famous for pink pearl.
Jamuna Future Park is the 12th largest shopping mall in the world. Bashudhara City inaugurated in 2004 is one of the largest shopping malls in sub-continent. Aarong is the most prominent store for local handmade products. It’s popular among all crowds. They have range of gift items in their collection.
5. Dos and Don’ts
- Women should dress long skirt or pant when visiting mosques, pagodas and temples in Bangladesh.
- Bargain before using the services at the streets or in the shops/restaurants without prices clearly indicated.
- Dress appropriately.
- Leave your valuable things such as cash, airline tickets, and passports with the hotels safety deposit facility.
- Remove you shoes before entering a religious places.
- Ask permission from before taking a photograph.
- Dress tidy and neatly when you enter the mosque, church, temple and spiritual places.
- Buy only bottled water and make sure the bottle is sealed.
- Make sure there is a safe to put your property as passport, cash when you book a hotel room.
- Avoid venturing into unfamiliar areas at night.
- Wear shorts, dresses or skirts, or tops with low-neck lines and bare shoulders when visiting Mosque, Pagodas and Temples.
- Don’t point with your feet to someone.
- Try and take photographs of military installations or anything to do with the military.
- Don’t be paranoid about your safety.
- Don’t wear valuable jewellery and don’t show off your expensive iPod/phone/clothes.
- No hugging, touching & kissing in Public Area.
The official and national language of Bangladesh is Modern Standard Bengali (Literary Bangla). It serves as the common language of the nation, with 98% of Bangladeshis fluent in Standard Bengali or Bengali dialects as their first language. English, having no official status, is prevalent across government, law, business, media and education, and can be regarded as the co-official language of Bangladesh.
The indigenous people of northern and southeastern Bangladesh speak a variety of native languages.
7. Festivals and Events
Bangladesh is a land of festivity. Muslims celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Hindus observe Durga Puja, Kali Puja, and Sarashwati Puja among others Buddha Purnima is the biggest festival for Bangali Buddhists, and Borodin (Christmas) is celebrated by the Christians. People from several tribal communities also have their respective festival as well.
Apart from these religious and tribal celebrations we also have several secular festivals. Pohela Boishakh (Bangla New Year) is the biggest among all the festivals in Bangladesh. This day People get into their best attires, go out with friends or family, business men open their new book of records and send sweets & fruits to their regular clients, cultural organizations organize cultural programmes. Nobanno (New Rice) is another of our festivals, which is strongly based in the rural Bangladesh. When the farmers get new rice, they observe this day with Rice flour and sugar mixed in water and Puffed rice.
We also observe 21st February as Shahid Dibash (as observed worldwide as International Mother Language Day). Students & different professionals of the society bring morning processions called Probhat Ferry. Also observed 26th March as Independence Day and 16th December as Victory Day.
8. Popular Destinations
Dhaka is the capital city and the center point of all kinds of political, cultural and commercial activities. Build during the Mughal period in 1608AD, the city has thrived into a mega metropolis glorified with a blend of ancient and modern art, culture, heritage and typical way of life. Situated on the bank of Buriganga, the city has a diverse range of attractions that will overwhelm a visitor with surprises one after another. For this, Dhaka is called the city of surprises.
- Lalbagh Fort
Lalbagh Fort is a historic Mughal establishment situated at the old part of Dhaka. This is a Fort which is build with red colored brick and people look at it again and again because of its eye catching beauty. It is a very popular historic place and a great signature of art by Mughal Emperor in Bangladesh.
- Dhakeshwari National Temple
The name `Dhakeshwari’ means Goodness of Dhaka. This famous 11th century Hindu temple is the most prominent temple of Dhaka, located at the old part of Dhaka. It is the National Temple, widely visited by thousands of visitors and devotees.
- Ahsan Manzil
Ahsan Manzil, the pink palace can be said as one of the iconic establishments of Dhaka city. In order to enjoy the feeling of the lifestyle of the Nawabs of Dhaka, Ahsan Manzil is the perfect place to visit.
Sadarghat river front is the most exciting place in Dhaka that you will never miss to visit while visiting Bangladesh. It can be considered the biggest river terminal in the world, more then fifty thousand people use this terminal every day and thousands of people are busy for other purposes. It is on the Buriganga River at the old part of Dhaka.
- Liberation War Museum
Liberation was museum at the area of Agargaon in the capital city contains the rare collection of objects, artifacts, documents of 1971. Visit to this museum will help you to learn the nine-month long Liberation war that followed the independence of Bangladesh.
- Curzon Hall
Curzon Hall, Meant to be a town hall originally, was named after Lord Curzon, the viceroy of India, who laid its foundation in 1904 at the time of Bengal partition. This magnificent establishment, a part of the university of Dhaka, gloriously represents the architectural style of Dhaka, which is a happy blend of European and Mughal elements.
- Central Shahid Minar
If you want to seek for the historical background of International Mother Language Day, Please take a walk and make before a monument at the premises of Dhaka Medical Collage. Here you will find the Central Shahid Minar built to commemorate those valiant fighters who laid down their lives for the sake of the mother tongue in 1952. The movement raised from this led to liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971.
- National Parliament Building
Bangladesh Parliament Building, located at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, is an architectural wonder in the world and the masterpiece of world famous architect Luis Isidor Khan. Because of its architectural values and significances, it is an important place for visitor from home and other country.
- National Martyr’s Memorial
This is one of the major tourist attraction at the outskirts of the capital city of Dhaka. This wonderful architectural monument represents the great sacrificing heroes, who gave up their lives for the independence of Bangladesh in 1971.
- Baitul Mukarram Mosque
The Nationial Mosque of Bangladesh is designed in the style of the holy Ka’aba of Mecca. The eight storied mosque can accommodate about 40,000 people at a time for performing their prayers. It is the biggest mosque of Bangladesh and the 10th biggest in the world which preserves the tradition principles of the Mughal architectures.
- Sonargaon, Panam City
Panam city, known as the lost city a historic place and important archeological site in Bangladesh situated in Sonargaon upazila of Narayanganj District. You will be astonished to know that the structures are older than around 400-500 years. This is called the oldest capital of Bengal along the ancient Silk Road from the Bengal delta to China and central Asia.
- Armenian Church
Armenian Church is one of the historically significant architectural monuments in Dhaka city. The church was built in 1781 by Armenian Orthodox communities. Every year thousands of tourists travel this historical place to know the existence of a significant Armenian community in the region in the 17th and 18th centuries.
- Bangladesh National Museum
Bangladesh National Museum is one of the largest museums in south Asia. Having splendid collections which rang in date from pre-history to present time. The museum is extremely rich in stone, metal and wooden sculptures, in gold, silver and copper coins, terracotta and other artifacts and antiquities. It is located in shahbag area in the city of Dhaka.
Chittagong is the commercial capital of Bangladesh and one of the largest sea-ports in the world. Having wide ranges of attractions such as unique natural beauty, hill tracts offering hiking, trekking and different types of adventures, beaches , islands, indigenous lifestyle, thousand years old history and heritage, center of spiritualism, Chittagong is one of the prime tourist destination of Bangladesh.
- Cox’s Bazar
Miles of golden sands, towering cliffs, surfing waves, rare conch shells, colorful pagodas, Buddhist temples and tribes, delicious seafood are some of the wonderful aspects of Cox’s Bazar- the longest beach in the world and the tourist capital of Bangladesh. There are exciting chances to enjoy surfing, jogging and other beach activities. Near the beachfront there are hundreds of shops selling souvenirs and beach accessories. You can see hills, green valley and sea all together.
- Important Place in Cox`sbazar ….
- Inani Coral beach
- Maheshkhali island
- Saint Martin’s Island
If you are done partying in Cox’s Bazar, St. Martin’s Island is the right place to calm down your soul. This coral island is about 10km (6mi) south-west of the southern tip of the mainland is a tropical cliché, with beaches fringed with coconut palms and bountiful marine life. This island has the most amazing blue water.
Rangamati, a small town located amongst the green hills, lakes and rivers of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. This is what makes it a prime Bangladesh hill destination. It is known as the Lake City of Bangladesh as this place is located on the bank of the beautiful Kaptai Lake. It is the administrative headquarter of the Rangamati Hill District, the largest district of Bangladesh and located some 77 kilometers away from Chittagong. For long time Rangamati has been a prime Bangladesh tourist destination for its location, scenic beauty, colorful tribal people, tribal homespun textiles and ivory jewellery.
Bandarban is a district in South-Eastern Bangladesh, and a part of the Chittagong Division. It is one of the three districts that make up the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Bandarban is regarded as one of the most attractive travel destinations in Bangladesh.
Khagrachari is a district in Bangladesh. It is under Chittagong Division. Locally it is known as “Chengmi” and also known as Phalang Htaung or the Mong Circle. It is a hilly district in Bangladesh. It is 112 km from Chittagong. It is also a part of Chittagong Hill Tracts It is one of the most magnificent places for tourist with hills, forest, waterfalls and aborigine. Three rivers are flow on the through the district. These are Chengi, Kasalong and Maini and Chengi. Main attraction is the tribal culture, green tree, hilly road and people also. Private and government rest house, hotels, motels and resorts are available. Majority people are Marma and Chakma. Local main transportation is Chader Gari.
Nestled in the picturesque Surma Valley amidst scenic tea plantations and lush green tropical rain forests, Sylhet is a prime attraction for all tourists visiting Bangladesh. This is a prominent Islamic spiritual center and home to numerous Sufi shrines.
- Tea Garden, Srimangal
- Lawachara Rain Forest
- The Holy shrine of Hazrat Shahjalal®
- Madhabkunda Waterfall
- Ratargul Swamp Forest
- Tanguar Haor
Barisal is famous for the Daughter of the sea named kuakata- which is one of the best tourist places of Bangladesh. It is also called the Sassya Vander (Store of corns) of Bangladesh.
- Barishal Backwaters
Rajshahi is famous for archeological and historical places in the country. You can see the marks of the glorious history of this region.
- Sompur Mohabihara
- Puthia Rajbari
- Uttara Gonobhaban
- Bagha Mosque
- Kusumba Mosque
- Chhota Sona Masjid
Rangpur is one of the divisions of Bangladesh that lies to the northern part of the country. Having wide ranges of historic and archaeological establishments, Rangpur is widely visited by the local and international tourists.
- Kantajew Temple
- Tajhat Rajbari
Khulna is famous for Royal Bengal tiger, Sundarbans-the largest mangrove forest.
- Sundarban Sixty Dome Mosque
- Shrine of Lanon Shah
Weather and Climate
Bangladesh has tropical monsoon climate characterized by wide seasonal variations in rainfall, high temperatures, and high humidity. Regional climatic differences in this flat country are minor. Three seasons are generally recognized: a hot, muggy summer from March to June; a hot, humid and rainy monsoon season from June to November; and a warm-hot, dry winter from December to February. In general, maximum summer temperatures range between 38 and 41 °C (100.4 and 105.8 °F). April is the hottest month in most parts of the country. January is the coolest (but still hot) month, when the average temperature for most of the country is 16–20 °C (61–68 °F) during the day and around 10 °C (50 °F) at night.
Winds are mostly from the north and northwest in the winter, blowing gently over the country. From March to May, violent thunderstorms, called northwesters, produce winds of up to 60 kilometers per hour (37.3 mph).
The Bangladeshi taka ( sign: ৳ or Tk, code: BDT) is the currency having 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 5, 2 and 1 in notes and 5, 2, 1 in coins. Issuance of banknotes ৳10 and larger is controlled by Bangladesh Bank, and for the ৳1, ৳2 and ৳5 banknotes, which are the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance of the government of Bangladesh. The most commonly used symbol for the taka is "৳" and "Tk", used on receipts while purchasing goods and services. ৳1 is subdivided into 100 poisha.