EID FESTIVAL (Eid-ul Fitr)
Eid-ul Fitr one of the two main Muslim religious festivals. Eid and fitr are Arabic words. Eid means festival andEid-ul Fitr one of the two main Muslim religious festivals. Eid and fitr are Arabic words. Eid means festival andfitr means to open, to break fasting, to go back to normal situation. Eid-ul Fitr is the day of joy on the 1st of themonth of Shawwal, when people return to the normal routine of life after completing the siam (restraint) andfasting in the holy month of Ramadan The month of siam begins after the appearance of the new moon of themonth of holy Ramadan and roza (fasting) closes on sighting the new moon of the next month of Shawwal. Duringthis month Muslims keep anger, sex, senses and emotions, illusions and jealousy under restraint. For this reason,the word fitr is used in the sense of victory also.
Eid-ul Fitr is the latest among the main religious festivals. Observance of this great festival of piety had begun onlyEid-ul Fitr is the latest among the main religious festivals. Observance of this great festival of piety had begun only1380 years ago. Eid-ul Fitr started being observed as a festival immediately after the Hijrat (migration) of theProphet Muhammad (Sm) to Madina. The Arabs inspired by the ideals of Islam started observance of Eid-ul Fitr andEid-ul Azha at the instructions of Rasulullah (Sm).
Eid fairs are organized at many rural places. These fairs are basically gatherings that promote friendship among theEid fairs are organized at many rural places. These fairs are basically gatherings that promote friendship among therural people. The fairs are arranged on the bank of a river or under a big banyan tree near the local bazaar.Handicraft items and foodstuffs such as chira, muri, khai, manda, and sweets are sold in the fairs. Nakshi pankha,dolls, and decorated pottery as well as musical instruments such as flute, drum, ektara are also sold. Some fairshave merry-go-rounds, puppet shows and bioscopes. In addition, shows of spiritual songs such as Marfati andMurshidi are also staged in the Eid fairs. In some areas of the riverine Bangladesh Boat Races are organised.Arrangements of prizes for boats that win the races are especially encouraged. The rich people of the villages givethe prizes. In some rural areas sports competitions are also organised on this occasion.
The government declares holiday for three days on the occasion. People who live in towns but have their familiesThe government declares holiday for three days on the occasion. People who live in towns but have their familiesor parents in villages go to their country homes to meet relatives and celebrate the festival together. Differentnewspapers publish articles on the life and philosophy of Hazrat Muhammad (Sm), the significance of Eid, and theideals of Islam. The radio and television broadcast special programmes. Congregational prayers are held in all ruraland urban places.
Eid-ul Fitr is celebrated in Bangladesh with great éclat. On this day everyone tries to dress well and prepareEid-ul Fitr is celebrated in Bangladesh with great éclat. On this day everyone tries to dress well and prepareimproved foods according to their ability. Relatives and neighbours also share the joys of this festival. Muslimsperform two rakats of Eid Namaz on the day and exchange greetings with all. They exchange salam and greetingsby embracing one another irrespective of status or age. They also visit the graves of the relatives and piousMuslims. Nowadays exchange of Eid cards has come in vogue. It is a religious obligation on the day to pay fitra tothe poor at a fixed rate. Also food and clothes are distributed to the poor
Games: like hadudu, kabadi, and dariabanda entertain the spectators. Football and cricket matches are als oGames: like hadudu, kabadi, and dariabanda entertain the spectators. Football and cricket matches are als oorganised. These games create a festive atmosphere. After enjoying the fanfare of the Eid festival, people return totheir work places with renewed enthusiasm